مقاله عباس باب الحوائج در روز جمعه 27 دی ماه سال 1398 ساعت 20:04:43 توسط تیم تولید محتوا - سایت عکس و مقاله نوشته شده است.

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Abbas ibn Ali

Birth and early life

Abbas was born in the month of Sha'ban in the year 26 AH (approximately May 647 CE) in the city of Medina to Ali ibn Abi Talib and Ummul Banin. Abbas had three full brothers – Abdullah ibn Ali, Jafar ibn Ali, and Usman ibn Ali. Abbas married a distant cousin, Lubaba. They had three sons – Fadl ibn Abbas, Mohammad ibn Abbas, and Ubaydullah ibn Abbas.[9] His mother would recite famous lines of poetry in supplication to ward off the evil of those who envied him

Battle of Siffin

Abbas debuted as a soldier in the Battle of Siffin, one of the main conflicts of the struggle between Abbas's father Ali and Muawiyah I, the governor of Syria, in 657 CE. Wearing the clothes of his father, who was known to be a great warrior, Abbas killed many enemy soldiers. Muawiya's forces actually mistook him for Ali. Therefore, when Ali himself appeared on the battlefield, Muawiya's soldiers were astonished to see him and confused about the identity of the other soldier. Ali then introduced Abbas by saying:

Abbas was trained by his father in the art of battle, which may be one reason he resembled his father on the battlefield. When describing his fighting on the battlefield, many historians have likened him to an angry lion because of his courage, fearlessness, and strength as an attacker.

Battle of Karbala

Abbas showed his loyalty to Hussein at the Battle of Karbala. After succeeding his father Muawiya I as caliph, Yazid I demanded that Hussein pledge allegiance to him, but Hussein refused,[14] saying:

As these behaviors were (and still are) prohibited in Islam, if Hussein had pledged allegiance to Yazid, his act would have ruined the basics of Islam.[16] Hussein's elder brother Hassan had made a pact, that they (i.e. Ahl al-Bayt) would be responsible for religious (i.e., Islamic) decisions and would not interfere in other matters. Hussein wanted to do what had been agreed upon, but Yazid I wanted to take total control of diverse affairs. With the help of Ubayd Allah, Yazid I conspired to kill Hussein by sending a letter to him in the name of people of Kufa (Iraq), inviting him to come to Kufa and guide them on the right path, an invitation that was accepted by Hussein; though most historians state that the letters were actually sent by the people of Kufa who later betrayed him when the body of Muslim ibn Aqeel (Hussein's messenger to Kufa) was thrown from a building in the center of Kufa by Yazid's army while the people of Kufa stood silent. In 60 AH (680 AD), Hussein left Medina for Mecca with a small group of companions and family members to travel to Kufa. He sent his cousin, Muslim, on ahead to make his decision after the advice of his cousin. But, by the time Hussein arrived near Kufa, his cousin had been killed.

On the way of Kufa, Hussein and his group were intercepted.[17] They were forced into a detour[18] and arrived in Karbala on the 2nd of Muharram, 61 AH.[19] Hussein's camp was surrounded and cut off from the Euphrates river. The camp ran out of water on the 7th of Muharram

Martyrdom

Apart of being the "standard bearer" of Hussain ibn Ali's army, Abbas was asked by Hussain to provide some water for the thirsty children.[21] The Euphrates river was occupied by Yazid I's army to prevent the camp of Hussain from getting water. Because of his skill and bravery, Abbas could have attacked Yazid I's army, occupied the river, and retrieved water for the camp alone. However, Abbas was only allowed to be defensive because his brother Hussain didn't want him to fight. He was only allowed to get water [22] (although there are also narrations which mention that he participated in battle, too).[23] Eventually, Abbas went to the river to get water for the children in Hussein's camp.[22] Sakinah was very attached to Abbas, who was her uncle. To her, Abbas was their only hope for getting water. Abbas could not stand to see her thirsty and crying, Thy thirst!.[12] When Abbas entered the battlefield, he only had a spear, and a bag for water in his hands. He was also given the authority to hold the standard in the battle and Hussain gave the standard to him who was the bravest one; therefore he came to be known as Abbas Alamdar. Once he had made it to the river, he started filling the bag with water. Abbas's loyalty to Hussein was so great that, although he was very thirsty, Abbas drank no water because he could not bear the thought that Sakinah was thirsty. This story illustrates how Abbas conquered the Euphrates river, held it with his mighty hands, yet still did not drink. After gathering the water, Abbas rode back towards the camp. On his way back, he was struck from behind, and one of his arms was amputated. Then he was struck from behind again; the attack amputated his other arm. Abbas continued, carrying the water-bag in his mouth. Yazid's soldiers started shooting arrows at him. One arrow hit the bag, and water poured out of it. Immediately after the bag of water was hit, the enemy shot an arrow at Abbas that hit his eye.[24] One of Yazid's men hit Abbas' head with a mace, and, lacking the support of his arms, Abbas fell off his horse. As he was falling, he called, "Oh brother!", [calling for Hussein]. Abbas fell on his face before he let the standard fall.

Horse of Abbas

Abbas was given a horse named "Uqab" (Eagle).[38] Shia sources say that this horse was used by Muhammad and Ali and that this horse was presented to Muhammad by the King of Yemen, Saif ibn Zee Yazni, through Abdul Muttalib. The king considered the horse to be very important, and its superiority over other horses was evident by the fact that its genealogical tree was also maintained. It was initially named "Murtajiz", which comes from the Arabic name "Rijiz" meaning thunder (lightning)

فرهنگ لغات کلمات عباس باب الحوائج

عباس :


صیغه مبالغه . بسیار ترش روی . (از اقرب الموارد). (اِ)شیر بیشه . (ناظم الاطباء) (منتهی الارب ). شیری که شیران از او بگریزند.
اشتباه تایپی این کلمه: ufhs
(عَ بّ) (ص .) 1 - بسیار ترشروی . 2 - شیر بیشه .

باب :


بابا. پدر. اَب . والد. مقابل مام ، مادر، که بعربی والد گویند و به این معنی بلغت زند و پازند با بای فارسی باشد. حکیم سنائی گفته: هر دو را در جهان عشق طلب پارسی باب دان و تازی
(از جهانگیری ).
فردوسی .
( اِ.) = بابا. بابو:
(ص .) 1 - درخور، شایسته ، لایق . 2 - مرسوم ، معمول . ؛ ~ طبع مطابق طبع . ؛ ~ دندان هر چیز موافق با ذوق ، غذای مطابق سلیقه .
( اِ.)1 - در، دروازه . 2 - بخشی از کتاب . 3 - تنگة میان دو خشکی . 4 - واحدی برای شمارش خانه و مغازه . 5 - قسم ، گونه . 6 - بارة ، خصوص : در باب فلانی . 7 - بارگاه سلطان .

الحوائج :

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